AFLA, A LEADING VOICE IN RIGHTS AND ACCOUNTABILITY
Africa Legal Aid (AFLA) has been at the forefront of promoting rights and accountability in Africa and has engaged with stakeholders in Africa, Asia and the Global North in this endeavour. AFLA has worked to increase understanding of international justice, and accessibility of the International Criminal Court (ICC) to national actors. It has spearheaded efforts to incorporate much needed African and gender perspectives in the global campaign to promote accountability and end impunity for gross human rights violations. In the process, AFLA has become a leading voice in promoting accountability and ending impunity for gross human rights violations.
It is of historical importance to note that under the auspices of Africa Legal Aid, the Cairo-Arusha Principles on Universal Jurisdiction in Respect of Gross Human Rights Offences: an African Perspective were adopted in Arusha, Tanzania on 20 October 2002.  The Principles have since become a salient resource for advocacy and lobbying initiatives. The ‘Cairo Draft’ was cited in an acclaimed dissenting opinion at the International Court of Justice (ICJ).  AFLA continues to advocate for the promotion of accountability for serious human rights offences.
ICC Defence lawyers have credited AFLA for having provided a voice, and platform for defence counsels, notably, at the 13th Session of the Assembly of States Parties (ASP) to the International Criminal Court. This, said Chief Charles Taku, former President of the International Criminal Court Bar Association (ICCBA), was the driving force behind the creation of the ICCBA in 2016 and its institutional recognition by the ASP in 2019. The ICCBA is an independent representative body of counsel for victims and defence at the ICC.
AFLA has an extensive track record in promoting rights and accountability and has convened topical meetings on the evolving regime of human rights and international justice, both on its own and in cooperation with key stakeholders, too many to list here. They include intergovernmental and governmental organizations such as the ICC, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) and the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
These consultations, dialogues and conferences have addressed cutting-edge themes including: Gender-Sensitive Mentoring For ICC Judges and Judges of other International Courts and Tribunals to Enhance Judicial Capacity;  Justice for Victims of Rights Violations and Sexual Violence in The Gambia;  Lessons from the Gbagbo and Blé Goudé Case and ICC Review;  Sharing Lessons on Universalising the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court with Asian Stakeholders ;  Commemorating the 20th Anniversary of the Rome Statute System;  Complementarity in Action: Bringing Yahya Jammeh to Justice;  Emerging Trends on Complementarity: Consultations with Stakeholders in Central and East Africa;  Emerging Trends on Complementarity in West Africa;  Victims of Hissène Habré: The Struggle for Reparations Continues;  Carrying Forward the Legacy of the Extraordinary African Chambers in the Habré Trial: An African Solution to an African Problem;  Symposium on Incorporating the Innovations of the Extraordinary African Chambers into International Criminal Justice;  three seminars, book launches and presentation of the book on ‘the ICC and Africa: One Decade On;  ‘Carrying Forward the Innovations of the Extraordinary African Chambers for the Prosecution of Habré;  ICC Withdrawals: Is Africa Running Away from Justice;  Complementarity, the Habré Trial and the Evolution of Universal Jurisdiction.  Complementarity: Beyond ICC;  Universalizing the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court;  Cooperation, Defence Perspectives, and Clarifying the Immunity Debate;  Africa and the International Criminal Court: Lessons Learned, Synergies Ahead;  Taking the Higher Ground in the Debate on the ICC and Africa;  Africa and the ICC: Engaging North African and Francophone Countries;  Africa and the ICC: a Stakeholder’s Meeting on Unsettling and Emerging Issues;  Africa and the ICC: One Decade On;  The ICC in a Politically Divided World; ICC Complementarity Workshop in Kenya;  Africa and the First ICC Review Conference;  The Al-Bashir Arrest Warrant: the World vs. Africa or the African Union vs. The People of Africa;  A Holistic Approach to Gender-based Violence;  Gender Justice and the Legacy of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR);  the Interface between Peace and International Criminal Justice in Africa;  Round Table Conference at the International Criminal Court;  Experts Meeting 2: African Perspectives on Universal Jurisdiction for Crimes Against Humanity;  Experts Meeting 1: African Perspectives on Universal Jurisdiction for Crimes Against Humanity;  Africa and Universal Jurisdiction for Crimes Against Humanity.  As well, AFLA has engaged the ICC and monitored its activities since the Court’s inception. AFLA convened the first major conference to introduce the ICC to human rights and justice sectors in Africa. 
AFLA dedicated a volume in its book series to the theme: ‘The International Criminal Court and Africa: One Decade On’. The Book, a tome, of 700 pages was published in September 2016 and has a Preface by Navi Pillay, Former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, and a Foreword by Ben Ferencz, the last surviving Prosecutor of the Nuremberg Trials, as well as contributions from notable figures, advocates and scholars of international criminal justice here. Furthermore, AFLA has issued several publications on contemporary issues of human rights and accountability here.
AFLA has the know-how, experience, network, and proven track record to enlist a world-class faculty of experts and resource persons, both in-house and through its extensive networks, to make its rights and accountability initiatives resoundingly successful.
 See dissenting opinion of Judge Christine van den Wyngaert, Yerodia case concerning the Arrest Warrant of 11 April 2000, Democratic Republic of Congo vs. Belgium. http://www.icj- cij.org/docket/files/121/8144.pdf
 Since November 2020.
 ASP Side Event, The Hague, 2019.
 In cooperation with the Institute for Security Studies, The Hague, 2019.
 Event convened by Assembly og States Parties (ASP) to the ICC, and the Kingdom of the Netherlands, to commemorate the 20th Anniversary of the International Criminal Court, Tokyo, 2018.
 ASP Side Event, The Hague 2018.
 ASP Side Event, The Hague, 7 December 2018.
 Kampala, Uganda, 4–5 July 2018.
 Banjul, The Gambia, 25–26 April 2018.
 ASP Side Event, United Nations Headquarters New York, in cooperation with Association Tchadienne pour la Défense du Droits de l’Homme, Human Rights Watch, and Redress, 7 December 2017.
 In cooperation with the African Union Commission (AUC), at the 29th Ordinary Summit of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union (AU), 3-4 July 2017.
 The Hague, 11 May 2017, in cooperation with the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
 Johannesburg, 5 October 2016; The Hague 26 October 2016, and ASP Side Event in cooperation with the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Hague, 22 November 2016.
 ASP Side Event, in cooperation with The Hague Institute for Global Justice, The Hague, 18 November 2016.
 ASP Side Event, in cooperation with Southern Africa Litigation Centre, The Hague, 18 November 2016.
 In cooperation with Fundación International Baltasar Garzón – FIBGAR, and the Kenya Human Rights Commission, Dakar, Senegal, 30 May – 1 June 2016.
 ASP Side Event, in cooperation with Southern Africa Litigation Centre (SALC), The Hague, 20 November 2015.
 Johannesburg, South Africa, 18-19 May 2015.
 ASP Side Event, United Nations Headquarters, New York, 12th December 2014.
 Johannesburg, South Africa, 9-10 September 2014.
 ASP Side Event, The Hague, 22 November 2013.
 In cooperation with the Arab Institute for Human Rights and Avocats sans Frontières, Tunis, Tunisia, 14-15 November 2013.
 Roundtable Meeting held in The Hague, 12 July 2013.
 Arusha, Tanzania, 28th February –1st March 2013.
 Africa Legal Aid in cooperation with the Commonwealth Secretariat and the International Legal Assistance Consortium (ILAC), Gaborone, October 2011.
 Africa Legal Aid in cooperation with Kenya Section of the International Commission of Jurists, Nairobi, December 2010.
 Africa Legal Aid Workshop held in Kampala, Uganda, May-June, 2010.
 Africa Legal Aid South North Dialogue, The Hague, April 2010.
 Africa Legal Aid and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), Dakar, March 2009.
 In cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), and Women’s Initiatives for Gender Justice, The Hague, 7–8 July 2008.
 In cooperation with the International Criminal Court, Accra, June 2007.
 In cooperation with the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court, The Hague 2007.
 Arusha, Tanzania, 18–20 October 2002.
 Cairo, Egypt, 30–31 July 2001.
 Maastricht, April 2000.
 Accra, Ghana 24–25 October 2003.